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Contact Sports and Brain Injuries
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||Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Defined
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
[ kron-ik ] [ truh-mat-ik, traw-, trou- ] [ en-sef-uh-lop-uh-thee ]
a progressive degenerative neurological diesease caused by the repeated cerebral concussion or milder traumatic brain injury and characterized by memory loss, behavioral disturbances, speech problems, slowed movement, etc. The disease was first indentited in boxers. Abbreviation: CTE
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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE).
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a gradually progressing disease of the brain that occurs most frequently in athletes and other individuals who have experienced repeated blows, including concussions, to the head. The condition first became known in the 1920s as a disease affecting boxers. Additional cases mostly involving athletes were reported over the following decades, but broad recognition of CTE did not occur until the early 2000s when it made headlines after being discovered in a deceased professional football player in the United States. In CTE, repetitive brain trauma sparks a progressive degeneration of brain tissue and an excessive build-up of a protein called tau that can occur over months, years, or even decades. The progression continues even after the trauma incidents have stopped, leading to potential memory loss, confusion, depression, aggression, impaired judgment, problems with impulse control, and dementia.
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