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Reading: Math

Dr. Stoutmorrill's Campus Innovation Project for the Kellogg Institute

Math Resources

MATH VOCABULARY

This list of math vocabulary words was provided courtesy of Professor Risko.

SET

A collection of objects. The objects in a set are most commonly called the members of a set.

NATURAL NUMBERS

A set of numbers starting at 1, 2, 3, and continuing on in the same manner indefinitely.

WHOLE NUMBERS

A set of numbers starting at 0,1, 2 and continuing on in the same manner indefinitely.

NUMBER LINE

A number line is a line that is used to visualize the distance between and the relationships of numbers.

EQUAL SYMBOL

A symbol (=) that means "is equal to."

MATHEMATICAL STATEMENT

A statement formed by mathematical symbols that can be proven true or false.

INEQUALITY SYMBOLS

Three symbols (≠, >, <) that are used to compare numbers that are not equal.

INTEGERS

Integers include both negative numbers such as -3, -2, -1 and the whole numbers 0, 1, 2, and so on.

NEGATIVE INTEGERS

Integers to the left of zero on the number line (-1, -2, -3...)

POSITIVE INTEGERS

Integers to the right of zero (1,2,3...)

RATIONAL NUMBERS

Numbers that are smaller than an integer, but larger than the next smaller integer. They can be expressed as quotients of integers.

IRRATIONAL NUMBERS

These numbers cannot be expressed as quotients of integers, nor can they be represented by rational numbers. The number "pi" or π (3.14159...) is a common example.

REAL NUMBERS

The combination of rational and irrational numbers, all numbers that correspond to a point on a number line.

NEGATIVE NUMBERS

Numbers to the left of zero on a number line 

POSITIVE NUMBERS

Numbers to the right of zero on a number line.

SIGNED NUMBERS

A title under which both positive and negative numbers fall.

ABSOLUTE VALUE

The absolute value of a number is the distance between that number and zero on the number line.

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