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Cross Florida Barge Canal
"The Cross Florida Barge Canal was designed to connect the Gulf of Mexico with the Atlantic Ocean across mainland Florida. It was first proposed in the 1930s as part of an economic recovery program and again in 1942 as a national defense project. The project was finally granted funding in 1963 under President John F. Kennedy, and engineers completed some portions of the canal. Pressure from local citizens and environmentalist groups convinced President Richard Nixon to halt the project in 1971. Most of the strip of land that was to be used for the canal is now part of the Marjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway."--Florida Memory Project
Civilian Conservation Corps Established in Florida
The WPA and Florida
Soul of a People by
Publication Date: 2009-02-01
PRINT: Soul of a People is about a handful of people who were on the Federal Writer's Project in the 1930s and a glimpse of America at a turning point. This particular handful of characters went from poverty to great things later, and included John Cheever, Ralph Ellison, Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Wright, and Studs Terkel. In the 1930s they were all caught up in an effort to describe America in a series of WPA guides. Through striking images and firsthand accounts, the book reveals their experiences and the most vivid excerpts from selected guides and interviews: Harlem schoolchildren, truckers, Chicago fishmongers, Cuban cigar makers, a Florida midwife, Nebraskan meatpackers, and blind musicians. Drawing on new discoveries from personal collections, archives, and recent biographies, a new picture has emerged in the last decade of how the participants' individual dramas intersected with the larger picture of their subjects. This book illuminates what it felt like to live that experience, how going from joblessness to reporting on their own communities affected artists with varied visions, as well as what feelings such a passage involved: shame humiliation, anger, excitement, nostalgia, and adventure. Also revealed is how the WPA writers anticipated, and perhaps paved the way for, the political movements of the following decades, including the Civil Rights movement, the Women's Right movement, and the Native American rights movement.
Migrant Workers During the Great Depression in Florida
- The image was created by the New Deal program, Farm Security Administration (originally the Resettlement Administration, in order to demonstrate the hardships of farm workers during the Great Depression.
- The original image is stored in the Farm Security Administration Collection at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. Image #: LC-USF3301-2372-M3.
Courtesy of the Florida Memory Project. Click here or on the image above to read the full article.
Suggested Further Reading
Ditch of Dreams by
Publication Date: 2009-11-22
PRINT: Traces the long standing effort to build a canal across Florida "Offers timeless lessons about pork-barrel politics and the power of citizen-environmentalism. Most important, it reminds us that today's economic coup may well be tomorrow's environmental crisis."--Cynthia Barnett, author of Mirage "Ties the exploitation of the Ocklawaha to Florida history across nearly two centuries. Moreover, they bring to life the personalities of canal supporters and detractors, including such dynamic individuals as Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Claude Pepper, and Marjorie Harris Carr."--Frederick Rowe Davis, author of The Man Who Saved Sea Turtles For centuries, men dreamed of cutting a canal across the Florida peninsula, despite the enormous technological and financial challenges of doing so. Heedless of environmental concerns, groups of water transportation advocates consistently lobbied the federal government to connect the Atlantic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico, a project intended to place Florida at the very center of American commerce and prosperity. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources, Steven Noll and David Tegeder trace the twists and turns of the project through the years. The story of the Cross Florida Barge Canal, crucial to twentieth-century Florida history, is complex, featuring competing interests amidst the changing political landscape of modern Florida. Ditch of Dreams reveals much about the clashing visions of progress, economic growth, and environmental preservation in the fragile ecosystem of Florida, while exploring the tangled web of politics, influence, and power in the Sunshine State. The history of the canal is not just a story of Florida's past, but a compelling lesson for its future.
A Guide to the CCC Records in Florida UF
- General Note:
- The Civilian Conservations Corps (CCC) was an employment program for unmarried men during the Great Depression in the United States. It was launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 as part of his New Deal, and continued until 1942, when many of the men had left for military service in World War II. The United States Army oversaw the operations of the camps, which were located at sites around the country, including several in Florida. The men signed up for a minimum of six months and were paid around thirty dollars a month, plus room and board. The men worked mainly in rural areas on projects such as forest renewal, state park development, and construction of service buildings and roads.
- General Note:
- In Florida, each camp was allowed to publish its own newsletter. Many of the newsletters were sent to other camps so their advisors could learn from each other. The camps were directed to send a copy of each newsletter to the University of Florida. These newsletters include serious topics such as safety precautions and camp news, but many also contain humorous anecdotes about camp life and stories about individuals who worked in the camps. Many of the newsletters also feature hand-drawn covers and other illustrations drawn by camp members.
- -- From the University of Florida Special and Area Studies Collection
WPA Stories in the Florida Memory Project
Draft list of chapters for the unfinished manuscript of the Florida Merchant Marine Survey, a project of the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression.
Description: Draft list of chapters for the unfinished manuscript of the Florida Merchant Marine Survey, a project of the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression.
Courtesy of the Florida Memory Project. Click here or on the image above for full article.