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MLA Style 9th Edition: MLA

This Resource Guide is an Overview of MLA 9th Edition Citation Style.

  • This guide is a quick introduction to the Modern Language Association 9th edition citation style. Be sure to consult the MLA Handbook or the online MLA Style Center for detailed standards and procedures. 

  • If your instructor has requested a different format, additional elements, or is still using MLA 8th Edition, use your instructor's preferences.

MLA Manual

MLA Resources

Getting Started

Welcome to the Guide for MLA 9th Edition! 

Please use the blue bar above to select the type of source you would like to cite.

The MLA style is most commonly used to format research papers and cite sources in Liberal Arts and Humanities. This research guide will provide you with examples of the most commonly used resources. The tabs above will present examples of work cited pages, in-text citations, as well as a formatting example. 


Basic Rules

Basic rules for citing most sources: 

  • Works cited must be double spaced and have a hanging indent. This means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

  • Alphabetized by the first listed author. 

    • If same author, list sources in alphabetical order. 

  • In the titles of articles, books, webpages and most other sources capitalize each word, unless it is an article (the, an), preposition, or conjunction, unless it is the first word of a title: The Art of War, The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, To Kill a Mockingbird. 

Core Elements

List of core elements