Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Ask Us

AMH 2070: The History of Florida: Turpentine

Resources from FSCJ Libraries and other online links for Florida History classes.

Forced Labor

Shofner, Jerrell, “Forced Labor in the Florida Forests,” Journal of Forest History 25, No. 1 (Jan 1981): 14-25 that can be found here:

http://www.ciw-online.org/images/Shofner%201981.pdf

For almost three quarters of a century after the end of Reconstruction, the convict lease and debt-peonage systems provided cheap labor for some forest industry firms in Florida. In the photo above, taken ca. 1938, a convict plants seedlings on a state-owned property as part of a reforestation project.

 

 

Florida's Phosphate Mines

Florida's Phosphate Mines

"There are 27 phosphate mines in Florida, covering more than 450,000 acres. Nine phosphate mines are currently active. Nine mines are 100 percent reclaimed and released from reclamation obligations. The remaining mines are either not started or are shut down. Phosphate mines typically range in size from approximately 5,000 to 100,000 acres. Phosphate mining disturbs between 3,000 to 6,000 acres annually in Florida. Approximately 25 to 30 percent of these lands are wetlands or other surface waters."

From Florida EPA - Click here or on image above to read full article.