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Featured Collections: January

On this day... January

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January 1

45 BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time

January 2

1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali

January 3

1977 Apple Computer, Inc incorporates

January 4

1865 The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.

January 5

1781 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

January 6

1605 The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.

January 7

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers the first three moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa & Ganymede

January 8

1198 Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III

January 9

1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

January 10

1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

January 11

1935 Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course)

January 12

1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to SE Asia

January 13

1794 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes

January 14

1979 US President Jimmy Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday

January 15

1861 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

January 16

1941 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

January 17

1995 7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe, Japan and kills 5,372

January 18

1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time.

January 19

1981 Muhammad Ali talks a despondent 21 year old out of committing suicide

January 20

1841 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War

January 21

1962 JFK arrives in Uruguay

January 22

1964 World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured in Wisconsin for New York's World Fair

January 23

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

January 24

1789 Louis XVI of France issues an edict calling for the convocation of the Estates-General, a major event in the French Revolution

January 25

1819 University of Virginia chartered by Commonwealth of Virginia, with Thomas Jefferson one of its founders

January 26

2005 Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, the first African American woman to hold the post

January 27

1951 US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site

January 28

1998 Michelangelo's "Christ & the Woman of Samaria" sold for $7.4 million

January 29

1879 Custer Battlefield National Monument established in Montana

January 30

1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC

January 31

1944 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June